There are many types of gum problems. However, periodontal disease is one of the most serious conditions and it can result in tooth loss and can eventually result in other health problems. In this article, you can learn about two of the most common types of oral disease. These include:
Gingivitis – It is known as the mildest form of gum disease. It can cause the gum to swell, bleed easily, and become red. At this stage, you can usually feel just a little or even no discomfort at all. Gingivitis is usually caused by inadequate and poor oral hygiene. However, this disease can be reversed with the help of professional treatment as well as good and adequate oral home care.
Some factors that can contribute to gingivitis often include smoking, diabetes, genetic predisposition, aging, systemic conditions and diseases, inadequate nutrition, stress, hormonal fluctuations, puberty, substance abuse, pregnancy, HIV infection, and so on.
Periodontists – When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to more serious gum disease, the periodontitis. Plaque can grow and spread below the gum-line if not treated sooner. Toxins that are produced by bacteria in plaque can irritate the gums. These toxins can then stimulate the chronic inflammatory response; wherein the body naturally turns on itself. After that, the bone and tissues that are supporting the teeth will be broken down and will be destroyed. During this stage, gums eventually separate from the teeth and form pockets – spaces between the gums and teeth, and this can be infected. When this disease progresses to a more serious stage, the pockets will deepen. As a result gum, bone and tissue will be destroyed.
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